Search Results for "Bryan Cort"

Conversational AI Paradigms: Flow Driven Chatbots vs. Intent Driven Chatbots (Part 1)

In a relatively short period of time, conversational AI has become a fixture in a number of fields (customer service and advertising being prominent examples) and is emerging in many more. Though the applications vary widely, the core idea across them is the same: apply natural language processing (NLP) to a text (or in some cases, voice) user interface to emulate the experience of talking to a real person. The challenge to implementing this simple (on the surface) concept is to maintain a ‘human’ balance in the conversation: be responsive to the user, while still advancing the conversation that the AI ‘wants’ to have.
There are two major approaches to striking this balance: a flow-driven approach, and an intent-driven approach. These two approaches come at the challenge from the opposite ends of the spectrum. In the most basic terms, flow-driven chatbots prompt…

ngrok example

Tunneling Connections to Localhost Using ngrok: Why and How

Anyone who has done web development for any significant length of time has probably had one or more of these situations arise:

I need to expose an API or webhook running locally to an external service or application
My application has external services or integrations that require special handling or emulation when developing locally
I want my deployed application or service in a higher environment to call the endpoint(s) that I am running locally

The common problem here is the need to expose a locally running endpoint to an external service or application. Enter ngrok (
Ngrok solves this problem by creating and exposing a public url on the domain, and then forwarding the traffic that arrives at that endpoint through to a specified localhost port. Conceptually, it looks something like this:

This diagram was taken directly from, where the curious can find a…

‘Calling Forward’ into AngularJS Directives

This post is based on a StackOverflow answer by Oliver Wienand that I came across while researching the AngularJS pattern described below.
Data binding between controller and directive in AngularJS can be a tricky subject for the uninitiated (and often, even for the initiated). AngularJS is great at providing the magic that makes data flow easily between components on the front end – except when it’s not. This post is an examination of one of the cases where not everything is straightforward.
The Problem:
Passing a callback function into a directive with isolate scope is simple – just a matter of creating the binding in the scope definition (callback: ‘&’). However, there is no built-in equivalent for exposing a directive function to the parent directive or controller. That is, if we have the (truncated) directive definition below, we’re going to have to do some…